Tripsazea, a Novel Trihybrid of Zea mays,Tripsacum dactyloides, and Zea perennis


Author: Xu Yan1, Mingjun Cheng1, Yingzheng Li, Zizhou Wu, Yang Li, Xiaofeng Li, Ruyu He, Chunyan Yang, Yanli Zhao, Huaxiong Li, Xiaodong Wen, Ping Zhang, Ebenezer Sam, Tingzhao Rong, Jianmei He, Qilin Tang


A trispecific hybrid, MTP (hereafter called tripsazea), was developed from intergeneric crosses involving tetraploid Zea mays (2n = 4x = 40, genome: MMMM), tetraploid Tripsacum dactyloides (2n = 4x = 72,TTTT), and tetraploid Z. perennis (2n = 4x = 40, PPPP). On crossing maize-Tripsacum (2n = 4x = 56, MMTT) with Z. perennis, 37 progenies with varying chromosome numbers (36-74) were obtained, and a special one(i.e., tripsazea) possessing 2n = 74 chromosomes was generated. Tripsazea is perennial and expresses phenotypic characteristics affected by its progenitor parent. Flow cytometry analysis of tripsazea and its parents showed that tripsazea underwent DNA sequence elimination during allohexaploidization. Of all the chromosomes in diakinesis I,18.42% participated in heterogenetic pairing, including 16.43% between the M- and P-genomes, 1.59% between the M- and T-genomes, and 0.39% in T- and P-genome pairing. Tripsazea is male sterile and partly female fertile. In comparison with previously synthesized trihybrids containing maize,Tripsacum and teosinte, tripsazea has a higher chromosome number, higher seed setting rate, and vegetative propagation ability of stand and stem. However, few trihybrids possess these valuable traits at the same time.The potential of tripsazea is discussed with respect to the deployment of the genetic bridge for maize improvement and forage breeding.