A new genomic prediction method with additive-dominance effects in the least-squares framework


Author:H Liu,GB Chen


In our previous work, we proposed a genomic prediction method combing identical-by-state-based Haseman-Elston regression and best linear prediction with additive variance component only (HEBLP|A herein), the most essential component of genetic variation. Since the dominance effects contribute significantly in heterosis, it is desirable to incorporate the HEBLP with dominance variance component that is expected to enhance the predictive accuracy as we move to the further development: HEBLP|AD, a paralleled implementation of genomic prediction compared with genomic best linear unbiased prediction (GBLUP). The simulation results indicated that when the dominance effects contributed to a large proportion of genetic variation, HEBLP|AD and GBLUP|AD, having similar accuracy, both outperformed HEBLP|A; but when the dominance variation was none or little, HEBLP|A, HEBLP|AD, and GBLUP|AD had similar predictability. The analysis of real data from Arabidopsis thaliana F2 population also demonstrated the latter situation. In summary, HEBLP|AD performed stable whether a trait was controlled by dominance effects or not.

Link: https://www.nature.com/articles/s41437-018-0099-5